Tag Archives: axiology

The Aesthetics of Gracious Plenty 

The custom of tipping service providers is arguably ancient, regardless of geographic location. Yesterday I was reminded of a cherished regional idiom: Gracious Plenty. Depending on whom you consult, the term in the United States is Southern, culinary, anachronistic (18th Century,) and of course Religious which is somewhat synonymous with Christian -(excuse the Yankees for their decadence we presume?) 

My first client of the day left my tip in an envelope when her session was finished. She wrote my name on the envelope and a personal thank you for what she appreciated about the session. I was humbled. I’ve had some adversity & I’ve struggled with it for quite some time. Arguably it has affected the quality and substance of my work, so to receive praise in addition to a 20% tip was the equivalent of a ray of light in the aftermath of a devestating storm. 

Shortly after resetting my room and a timely break, my co-worker Malia popped in the breakroom and asked if she had left me a tip. I saw no reason to question her question and immediately said “Yes, she left me cash.” Malia asked how much she left and again I saw no reason to think twice and answered honestly “Twenty. Why?” Malia looked puzzled and replied “She didn’t leave me anything.” I showed her my gratuity envelope. It had been sealed, addressed to me with a personal note written on the outside. Without hesitation I asked her “Do you want ten?” And had she said yes, I certainly WOULD have given it to her with no second thought. But Malia said “No. It’s alright. I wonder if I overlooked one in my own room?” And she left to check. 

I immediately said to another co-worker “Ooohh! This is my next blog post!” 

That was three days ago. If Malia found a tip she didn’t say anything. And since I’ve just found out I’m moving I haven’t thought beyond making time to write this post to ask her. 

What is Gracious Plenty? 

The client in question was a very thoughtful and down to earth lady. I work for a smaller spa franchise now and it’s not a hotel. The tip in the envelope addressed to me is within reasonable limits of what the majority of massage therapists and estheticians receive per one hour service on average. A twenty dollar tip has been the industry standard for the entire twenty years I’ve been a massage therapist. I have gotten tips larger than this. I’ve been with my current employer less than two months and already received a larger tip. But what about Gracious Plenty? Whom decides what the ethical response is? 

Gracious Plenty is a concept derived from Axiology. Axiology has a REFLEXIVE COMPONENT. Therefore the question of wether or not to “tip share,”and share the tip, does necessitate an UNSPOKEN UNDERLYING ETHICAL UNITY. However the premise or idea of observer bias can always be derided as a Postmodern”Loop Hole” and not JUST a metaphysical ILLUSION- value judgments CAN BE made with the wrong presumption in mind. 

It can be argued that the chain of casuality began with the client. Her choices presented Malia and I with an ethical quandry. It also allowed Malia and I to exercise our own understanding of what A “Gracious Plenty” means. 

Regardless of our individual choices, Malia and I reached a decision that seems not to have damaged our daily interactions. We still work as a team. We still assist each other and our colleagues in daily tasks and chores. I still put esthetics laundry in the wash and dryer. Malia still makes certain that her clients receive their robe, wrap and slippers before I pick them up for their next service. 

I am certain Malia does a wonderful job for her clients. And I am humbled that the guest in question overlooked her. Presumably her mind was on the last thing she experienced when checking out: the massage she received from me. But Malia ALSO attended to her requests before the client got on my massage table. Neither Malia nor I will ever know the actual impact of the facial Malia provided for this particular guest. What we do know is that the practice and experience of Graciousness is truly an internal one. The presence of Graciousness calls on each to take note: Someone has turned on the stage lighting.  

The Aesthetics of Gracious Plenty: Part Two http://wp.me/pVYGl-1su 

Beauty is power: A smile is it’s sword. – John Ray 

“We bring them the plague and they do not know it.”; Propaganda and President Trump

I do feel secure in presuming that I’m not the only American who didn’t vote in 2016. I also feel no guilt watching President Trump on TV, reading his Tweets, listening to his “alternative facts,” or learning more about how his decisions and actions ruffle and offend my fellow human beings at home and abroad. However, my hope President Trump’s banter or rather verbal jousting, would turn into instructive talking points is fading. 

CNN had a clip of John McCain righteously criticizing Trump over his pro reconciliation stance toward an ancient country by European  standards. The largest Eurasian country that ever existed, originally was called Russia. After the October Revolution, for sixty some odd years the country was known by more pseudonyms than any other country in Europe. McCain’s opinion of Trump’s stance was crystal clear. But his logic…. failed with me in a curious way. That’s right. Pardon me sir for saying as much.

John McCain begged the question folks. While it may be standard rhetorical practice and while the intent does retain integral power, I’m questioning its deployment. He used the word MORALITY and he used it AS AN ABSOLUTE VALUE and he didn’t blink or pause. 

Mr. McCain I know you of all people don’t need me to ask YOUR PARDON for pointing out that you know what begging the question is in visceral way. You don’t need the likes of me, who never served in the armed forces, who doesn’t and hasn’t attended church in quite sometime, to tell you or explain to anyone how and why that move to speak on your part, constitues one step forward and at least one step back. All global humanity still has time to make time. Time to think of Freud and Wittgenstein as some cross their fingers while others around us make a sign of the cross, that your word choice includes more THAN TWO STEPS in logic.  

Absolute value? After Bosnia? Absolute value after Benghazi? Absolute value. Is the Bowling Green massacre an example of an absolute value on the same scale? Why not? For whom? The Ivy League University that is developing the meme further or the pizza joint that a client told me yesterday coined the meme?

Donald Trump is what the private sector allowed him to become and until now, has permitted him to be. Mr. McCain, I’m not going to tell you or anyone anything about anything at all. I am going to mention what I didn’t hear you say. I didn’t even hear it implied in the CNN news clip of you addressing Congress. 

I did not hear you say: 

a.) The freedom of American citizens to travel abroad has been theoretically impinged by the ACA (affordable care act’s) reliance on interstate commerce. 

b.) The President’s comments are a bit too close to Free Speech – the bigger problem Trump’s comments are creating by example can be tied to ideology thru The First Amendment and from there, they could destabilize The Fourth Amendment’s role as a privacy shield. Doing so places an undue burden on the interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment. Etc. 

c.) The President’s nominee to The Supreme Court, Gorsuch, is comming from Colorado that for the last few years has actively been testing a new policy toward a critical and crucial juncture in the legalization of Schedule I marijuana. 

Mr. McCain I didn’t hear you explaining to Congress WHAT THEY ALREADY KNOW. I didn’t hear the Fourth and Fifth Columns of American government telling me what to think or how to interpret your rebuke either. 

Senator McCain, I haven’t yet watched Dame Helen Mirren’s performance in the movie Winchester but I do plan to make time. Hopefully I’ll be able to view it before I complete my paralegal associates in lieu of Graduate School. I didn’t realize my choice to continue my professional growth and development was a cause of national concern. I appreciate being notified of my subversive transgressions against the 99% of American citizens that aren’t narcissists. That aren’t fascist or communist. Free Speech indeed, that my new android phone just permitted me to write the previous sentence and didn’t label it a fragment in need of revision. 

Artificial Intelligence. Oh really? With a gambler in the house?

The Edge Challenge 2017: What scientific concepts deserve to be more widely known?

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I recently purchased a copy of Sam Harris’ book Letter to a Christian Nation. I had intended to purchase his book Free Will but changed my mind.

I could say: “Sam Harris is wrong.” But why? Why would-should I? What value can I offer my readers, Mr. Harris readers, The Edge contributors etc., by critiquing an argument I’ve not read, predicated on the logical progression of a ‘related argument’ by the same author? Would I be begging the question the author also begged? Would doing so implicate me in a formal or informal fallacy of logic? Why might a distinction between formal and informal be a barometer of sorts?

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I was interested in his assertion that Free Will is an illusion, and I wanted to listen to a nuanced discussion of solipsism, by someone educated enough to not just know and understand what “begging the question” IS, but also someone rhetorically able to debate and teach. Someone able to frame the limitations imposed by any beliefs that “beg the question,” regardless of the paradigm.

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I then proceeded to observe my navel and inadvertently created circumstances that support his argument. I wanted to buy his treatise on “reductionism.” I knew that my checking account was depleted. I knew that it was likely I would deplete it to danger level before my next pay day, and that should my insecure guilt catch up to me, any purchase I made thru Amazon’s used book market place, would obligate me to pay for return postage. And I bought the book I didn’t want, anyway. I bought other things. All on sale etc,.etc. And here I sit. One week till my next pay day, short on the weekly bus pass to get to work beginning tomorrow and just as shameful, I’m now short of the Uber/Lyft cab fare necessary to get TO CLASS where I’m working on my paralegal associates to compliment my undergraduate degree.

The name of this blog is Borderlands of Health and Wellness. Just in case you’ve forgot.

My fellow Americans, I am a biological member of a family that votes Republican. I currently live in Tennessee, just North of God’s Country, known to fellow Americans and expatriates as The Grid Iron Throne. Alabama.

On my mother’s nuclear family side, the only member SUSPECTED of voting for a member of the Democratic party in the last 65 years (because we are too estranged a unit to discuss such matters unless we intend to SHORTEN a visit, conversation, or FUTURE family get togethers) passed away on All Souls Day, 2012. The “suspect” before returning to The United States for hospice care, was an MD who worked in mental health abroad. On those visits he did make to the U.S.A. before his passing, his daughter always came first, as she should. His other family, (sisters, brothers, cousins, nieces etc. never were guaranteed a visit and got a phone call occasionally, if we were privileged.)

On my father’s side, the LAST purported Democrat, who voted for ROOSEVELT people, was the youngest son of a second wife, a progenitor who graduated from Samford University (a Baptist college affiliated with Birmingham Southern)in Birmingham Alabama and married again after his first wife’s death. What capital, assets, this progenitor possessed, paid for University educations for each of his children until his money was exhausted. My paternal grandfather, saw his father’s assets provide such boons for his siblings and knew, all that would remain for him, would be family land. So he only completed his education thru the 6th grade if I’m not mistaken, and chose to became a farmer.

Why did I begin this post with a clear appeal to scientific literacy, insinuate to the reader that the public intellectual who also promotes the results of The Edge Challenge on his website may be
a) wrong
b) leaving out information
and
c) run the risk of annoying and loosing my readers with a personal anecdote that clearly is moving in a somewhat aposterori direction?

Here’s why.

Historical mimesis. Aristotle coined the term and concept more than 2,000 years ago. There are numerous terms that describe the same phenomenon concentrated in a diverse array of subject matter. I’m choosing this term to essentially “dial down” from the clear and present concerns presented by the first 100 days of the current presidential administration. I can’t speak with complete certainty for anyone but myself, but meta narratives caught many Americans off guard since 2000 A.D. at the very least. Author Sam Harris I wager in his book, Letter to a Christian Nation has predicated his letter-tome on the premise of natural philosophy and mimesis. His argument is aesthetically dependant on begging his own question and I will wager in the paragraphs to follow that at no point, does his book, Letter to a Christian Nation bring up “Universal History.” Sam Harris could and can run circles around me, but it doesn’t change the fact that he has a red ball under a nutshell and is doing a magic trick that makes use of observer bias. It also doesn’t negate his views.

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Regardless of who your family voted for in the 2016 election, Donald Trump has won. Regardless of the origins of The Tea Party phenomenon, it caught fire on both coasts of The United States and burned right to the center. Regardless of how ethnically diverse either political party is in fact, portrayed as, or rhetorically marketed to be, the premise any health care system is based on, operates on the scientific law that human beings have a limited shelf life. We catch fire, we wear out, burn out, burn down.

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I dropped the ball for myself and my family (if idealism is a scientific law) buying Sam Harris book. The review I read gave me a false impression of the content to be found between its covers. Its not without value don’t get me wrong.

But when I am ready to write “The End of History and The Last Woman” I will. And not before. Consider this statement dear academics and fellow writers as my claim to this book, paper and treatise. Don’t touch my book title Mary Shelley.

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I dropped the ball the moment I walked into the Macy’s at The Mall at Green Hills in Nashville and walked to the jewelry clearance rack and purchased Ralph Lauren, Lora and Lilly and INC, item(s.) I got great deals on the prices. I can accept cash tips that MAY allow me to cover my self imposed shortfall before my next pay day. But I’m NOT guaranteed CASH TIPS. EVER. No wellness employer hands out cash to employees at the end of each shift in advance of tips left on credit or debit cards. I just essentially GAMBLED big time for the wrong reasons. Or did I?

Free Will. Free Will? Free. Free? Will. Etc,.

Where is intentionality now? Where is the individual? Am I alone in a forest listening for a falling tree, or am I listening to the delicate sounds of Sturm and Drang? Is it a fallacy of equivocation on my part or let’s say Mr. Harris himself, if he contacted me to state correctly, that to berate myself for my actions would be a morally baseless and abusive action ONLY if I had failed to calculate the odds of receiving cash tips alongside the intervals of time between the point of purchase, number of work days and my departure for my next class?

REDUX

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Moral. Not Mortal. Moral. I will now make a bet with my readers. I will wager a guest blogger article hosted on both this blog and my personal blog, Ashley M. Heidi Carter, that in his book Letter to a Christian Nation, author Sam Harris AT NO TIME draws a Direct dual link between ontology, either theological or philosophical and aesthetics. I wager he never mentions Avveroes (Ibn Rushid’s) The Double Truth. I also wager, he never calls Universal History by that name. To do so…

I know I can and believe many of my readers could, choose a variety of substitute concepts to replace the innate diversity of aesthetics, and still communicate the notion that although human reason can demonstrably exist apart and independent of a divine creator, the idea of ‘natural law’ is bifurcated to include the unknown variable.

Manifest Destiny. Destiny made manifest?

Civics 101 ladies and gents! The Bill of Rights is not a legally binding document. Abraham Lincoln is quoted as saying the document “Is a REBUKE.” In America we have inalienable rights. The Bill of Rights famously includes a fallacy of equivocation that HAS BEEN USED TO CREATE THE ILLUSION OF MANIFEST DESTINY IN PERPETUITY. Historically, NO GOVERNMENT can legislate the ontological ACCORDING TO GENRE…and law. Are you sure about that Free Will fallacy Sam? Can I trust your judgement Sam? How far can any of “US” trust you with a Free Will argument today, The 30th of January, 2016. The day the Associate Attorney General of The United States resigned or was fired? Free Will?

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Averroes. Ibn Rushid. The Double Truth. Former President Obama and current POTUS Trump DID NOT EXCHANGE SPOUSES. Let’s ALL REMEMBER NOT TO BEG THE QUESTION (s) of sociology, cultural arrogance and aesthetics. Let’s all remember that axiology is the step child of epistemology and proceed accordingly to our better judgment:Even though none other than Ronald Regan himself was once PURPORTED to have called Osama Bin Laden a “Freedom Fighter.” I think that “quote” deserves a “Fact Check.” If Idolatry is “the problem” why should Sam Harris get a pass for a “IDEOlogical fallacy” rather than a “white lie?”

Apothecanna: Cannibis infused Spa products

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Where there’s smoke there is fire and the cannabis cloud over Colorado appears to be lingering like smog on a otherwise clear day. Cannabis proponent Apothecanna has positioned itself beyond the pale, as an adjunct measure in pain management and only time will tell if they can remain straight enough to keep their wellness branding intact.

I wrote this piece originally in June of 2015 and removed it from this blog over a reservation about logical reasoning summed up simply by “begging the question.” But let’s talk products for now.

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Apothecanna does offer a variety of scents that leave the 1960’s behind.

The statement on their website detailing the benefits of their “natural” products Topical Cannabis, Hemp Lotion, & THC Spray (located under the tab “learn” and “apothecanna massage”) is simple and basic:

Revitalizing botanicals like arnica and capsaicin combine with topical marijuana to provide natural herbal pain relief .

The Marketing is both Spartan and clever.

“Here at Apothecanna, we’re committed to providing innovative topical pain relievers that combine topical cannabis with other healing and soothing botanicals for a more natural option for topical pain relief. Unlike conventional topical pain relief cream products, our cannabis calming cream offer pain relief without unpleasant “medicine” scents, instead incorporating sense-soothing botanicals like lavender, chamomile, and frankincense. These botanicals make using our topical marijuana products more enjoyable, contributing to a sense of well being that can aid the healing process. In addition to our full line of cannabis cream and THC spray products for pain relief, which are available at over 200 Colorado medical marijuana centers, we also offer several invigorating, calming, and pain relieving cream products made with hemp and arnica cream, as well as other botanicals to soothe your skin as well as your senses.”

Rejuvenate your skin and senses with topical cannabis cream and botanical skin therapies from Apothecanna.

Under the “About” tab are three discreet paragraphs that provide a brief nod to both legality and their position on the role of natural philosophy in society at large.

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By reordering the brands statements, it may be a bit more obvious to educated consumers and those who question the politics involved, how the advent of Apothecanna will impact the Spa and Wellness Industry. And in particular, the Professional Massage Community which may utilize such products IN TANDEM with mainstream pain management professionals.

Let’s break it down like any syllogism, but let’s do it backwards and examine the logic of the marketing.

“Our mission at Apothecanna is to spread the wisdom of traditional plant medicine. We believe in the fundamental right of access to the healing powers of nature and promote sustainable interaction with the world around us.”

Preceeding this ‘tidbit’ is the following ‘tidbit.”

“We do not use artificial ingredients, fillers, parabens and only test on humans. We believe that natural treatments are the best treatments, and strive to create products with uncompromised purity, quality, and functionality.”

And the page begins with this introduction:

“Apothecanna is a natural apothecary featuring cannabis extract as the primary active ingredient due to its potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Our formulations combine cannabis with other organic and wild crafted essential oils to create highly functional topical treatments for pain and stress relief, while delivering a host of skin nurturing benefits.”

Viewed and analyzed from last statement to first, Apothecanna’s marketing strategy seems to be suffering from marijuana induced paranoia if not ordinary anxiety. Remember this assessment proceeds in reverse order from their official website circa 2015!

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The first (last) CLAIM Apothecanna puts forward, is that their products have scientifically proven value. (This is TRUE of Cannabis- as science has admitted.)

The second or (middle) premise Apothecanna offers is that their products are 100% “Natural” and that they TEST only on humans.

In the third (first) STATEMENT that in traditional logic would be called a premise, Apothecanna DOES INDEED draw a CONCLUSION predicated on the two preceding premises! Want some pseudoscience wellness professionals or just a side of religion to go with your own and your clients health investments?

Consumers are informed of Apothecannas “rights” and significantly there is an appeal to nature for sovereign status as if this is an innate right, protected by the United States constitution and by the State of Colorado. Don’t choke on Abraham Lincoln’s comment that The Bill of rights “Is a REBUKE” or the fact that it’s not A LAW in or of itself. 4th amendment is mere Axiology? Taste? Genre? 

Oh my! Isn’t this Gnosticism Mitt Romney’s and John McCain’s territory? Colorado did have a FEMALE TEA PARTY INCUMBENT BATTLE DIDN’T THEY…

Since when does any government, at the national or state level have an ability to regulate “unalienable” rights? Gnosticism, gender and Lawd at all the LEGAL PROSTITUTION NEXT DOOR IN NEVADA…Neither LEGAL governing body DOES have that right pro Mblex crusaders. American laws deal with ‘inalienable rights.’ LOOK AT THAT “science based” MARKETING NOW.

The “premise” that any class system is subject to the economic system, which is presumably subject to the political system, which in turn is subject to the legal system, which then, and only then, is subject to a religious system…with an ethical framework, such as one that acknowledges and ensures ‘rights‘ which entail free will, are now on display.

Given that in 99% if not most instances, the defacto and default premise that an esthetics license is required, in addition to a Bachelor’s degree to work for a Professional Spa Product Line and that LMT’s with a Bachelor’s degree are overlooked if they have no outside B2B sales experience ought to give the Spa and Esthetics industry something to mull over when considering the SUBSTANCE of education.

Consider for instance this “new” education offering that is scarcely 20 years old: Disability Studies. It would seem “science” v. “management” rather than “pain” is the canker sore in the post-modern lotus?

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I will leave it to the “moral educators” with political axes to grind about bell jars, States right’s, healthcare and massage monopolies on entry level right to practice (that the FSMTB fails to call collusion but most certainly calls patriotism,) to pander to their fellow citizens about universal relativism and plan for the future conspiracy theories this trend will no doubt spawn.

Until Next Time Campers!

A Reason For Faith: History, Historiography and The Enlightenment

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I am somewhat beside myself having found the above book by Laura Harris Hales.

History has long been touted as having a “redemptive” quality. It’s often the immediacy of our everyday lives that allows such a view point to flower long after we’ve turned out the lights at bedtime. The book A Reason for Faith, provided the footnotes and suggested readings go beyond the scope of the faith based subject matter may be MY (non-Mormon) answer to prayer on a personal level. If this subconsciously desired “antidote” is indeed contained within even thru citations (footnotes) and recommended readings, I may yet at even this date, find a second sunrise.

Below are photographs of the inside cover flaps.

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The Complimentary and Alternative Wellness professions occupy a position in American society that like Mormon history and faith practice, often finds common ground with literary Romanticism. Navigating this intersection within Modernism is sometimes over simplified. When cultural practice that supports partial Church, State and economic separations is not defined,  “pseudo science” often  purports to “educate and inform” in the absence of information. The “cultural customs” of privacy Americans share can be both anti-intellectual as well as a blessing and curse.

While I’m not certain, this may be the first book of it’s kind. Wow!

Almost all 51 States now require licensure to practice Massage Therapy. I started my professional wellness career working for Marriott International, a company with Mormon roots and cultural investment. Hi y’all!! Thank you Laura Harris Hales.

The Axiology of Conspiracy and Crime: Calling Stephanie Meyer

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Erin Elizabeth over at Health Nut News has found herself in a post modern pickle. For the past year she has “diligently” reported on the murders of holistic doctors and practitioners in the U.S. Unfortunately, Erin’s absence of academic training in research SHOWS. (More on how this fuels panic, creates yet MORE conspiracy and undermines the credibility of CAM overall in an election year below.)

The most recent murder is FAR, FAR AWAY from the original “circle” of suspicion on the “ultra conservative” East Coast Establishment, out in the magical land NOT OF FANTASY but of SCIENCE FICTION: California. Palo Alto to be precise, and in “True False Flag~DisInformation” style propaganda, her current article masks her ill will with RECURSIVE REGRESS to the very genre we all would like protected: privacy and all that IT protects: including a right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

Anyone else notice author Stephanie Myer is due to release a crime novel or already recently has? So large a fan base MUST be “educated” and what better means by which to do so, than to tickle the fancy of multi generations of readers with a slightly different approach to Gothic sublimation? Forgive my snot nosed sobriety but I’m not so sure Erin Elizabeth isn’t Mrs. Myers publicist.

Any “cautious but curious” interlopers in an election year would be wise to note the role of axiology in “crafting narratives.” The presumption of “universal pathology” typically ends in a Gulag. Or at least it has since 1945. Those interested in reading Erin Elizabeth’s reporting should note AGAIN AND NOT FOR THE FIRST TIME in her writing, the absence of statistics on the relevant variables and the absence of taxonomy to span the fictional continents of genre now that she’s moved conveniently back toward a “private” but all too TRANSPARENT view of essentialism thru the ethnicity of the most recent victim and the projective identification of history as a “weapon” of the “home culture.”

Does any CAM professional believe Erin Elizabeth to be “The Red Woman” from Game of Thrones? Surely not Danerys Targaryen?

Keep watching the web. And remember, Fox Mulder was reminded that Sharks must keep swimming so they don’t drown. Even in shallow water.

The Satanic Verses or Secular “Apologetics?”

I was reminded today of two different movie dialogues, both of which were spoken by seasoned comedians. One was indeed a comedy but the other was a tragedy. The lives of each comic have followed the courses laid out in those films more or less.

Bill Murray in the comedy Stripes has a line where he’s winning over an audience and courting their vanity. “It’s the stories you tell” he exclaims. Robin Williams in Dead Poets Society asks his students “What will your verse be?”

It’s June of 2016. It’s an election year. Stanford Professor Francis Fukuyama’s thesis “The End of History and The Last Man” has recently been ‘annotated’ it appears by Joseph Crawford of The University of Exeter in the UK. Another Professor of German Literature who spent 30 years at UC Santa Barbara before heading to Switzerland, Lawrence Rickles states in his book The Vampire Lectures “What is a historical fact? It’s AFTER THE FACT.” Academics will note the curious change in my linked citations. It seems that once again, Wikipedia editors could not provide a link to Professor Rickles profile at the State Academy in Switzerland or an English translation of the schools website.

Across the pond and in the Tennessee foothills of Appalachia, far from either Ivory Tower mentioned above, I have found a moment of peace, along with new books to burden myself and others with moving. I can’t say I have acquired “new” academic idols just yet, but give me time to digest a few things. It’s a mere year and six months of a moment that I pray will take me to international waters where jurisdiction is as legally ambiguous as Art is.

Depending on how the story of the Enlightenment is told, different outcomes emerge. Historiography is another word for ‘style’ depending on who is teaching, and WHAT they’re teaching. If there is lingering doubt about the origins of what it takes to create modern “conspiracy”, I do recommend the books authored by the Professors above.

Perhaps when the defacto political prisoner that both the Federal Government and my home State of Alabama cannot claim was created in isolation as a literary “decentered subject,” or an “axiological exercise” (might we ALL pause to recall, across Both Sides of EACH POND) then perhaps the POINT of Professor Fukuyama’s witty title will do more than “trickle down” the Appalachian Trail but also “Ride the Freedom Train” North.